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City-State History and Examples:

 

A  city-state is a sovereign state that consists of a city and its dependent territories. Historically, this included cities such as RomeAthensCarthage, and the Italian city-states during the Renaissance—but today only a handful of sovereign city-states exist, with some disagreement as to which are city-states. A great deal of consensus exists that the term properly applies to SingaporeMonaco, and Vatican City.

Several non-sovereign cities enjoy a high degree of autonomy, and are sometimes considered city-states. Hong Kong and Macau, along with independent members of the United Arab Emirates, most notably Dubai and Abu Dhabi, are often cited as such.[6][8][12]

 

Historical Background  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Ancient and Medieval world: 

The Ancient Greek city-state developed during the Archaic period as the ancestor of city, state, and citizenship when the equivalent Latin word was civitas, also meaning "citizenhood", while municipium applied to a non-sovereign local entity. The term "city-state", which originated in English (alongside the German Stadtstaat), does not fully translate the Greek term. The poleis were not like other primordial ancient city-states like Tyre or Sidon, which were ruled by a king or a small oligarchy.

 

Historical City-States:

Included: 

Sumerian cities of Uruk and Ur

Ancient Egyptian city-states, such as Thebes and Memphis;  

Phoenician cities (such as Tyre and Sidon);

Berber city-states of the Garamantes;

Ancient Greece (the poleis such as AthensSpartaThebes, and Corinth);

Roman Republic (which grew from a city-state into a great power);

Mayan and other cultures of pre-Columbian 

Mesoamerica (including cities such as Chichen ItzaTikalCopán and Monte Albán);

Central Asian cities along the Silk Road;

Swahili coast cities 

Venice

Ragusa; states of the Medieval Russian cities and lands such as Novgorod and Pskov;

and many others.

 

Modern City-States:  

Some cities or urban areas, while not sovereign states, may nevertheless enjoy such a high degree of autonomy that they function as "city-states" within the context of the sovereign state that they belong to.

Historian Mogens Herman Hansen describes this aspect of self-government as: "The city-state is a self-governing, but not necessarily independent political

unit.

Stadtstaaten of Germany  

Two cities in Germany, namely Berlin and Hamburg, are considered city-states (German: Stadtstaaten). Additionally, the state of Bremen is often called a city-state although it consists of the two cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven, which are separated by the state of Lower Saxony. Together with thirteen area states (German: Flächenländer) they form the sixteen federal states of Germany.[6]

 

Monaco 

The Principality of Monaco is an independent city-state. Monaco-Ville (the ancient fortified city) and Monaco's well-known area Monte Carlo are districts of a continuous urban zone, not distinct cities, though they were three separate municipalities (communes) until 1917. The Principality of Monaco and the city of Monaco (each having specific powers) govern the same territory.

 

Singapore 

Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. About 5.2 million people live and work within 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi), making Singapore the 2nd-most-densely populated country in the world after Monaco, another city-state. Singapore was part of Malaysia before it was expelled from the Federation in 1965, becoming an independent republic, a city and a sovereign country. The Economist refers to the nation as the "world’s only fully functioning city-state" ever in the world.

Hong Kong, the world's most populous city-state.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Background  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

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